With this change, how does one plan an automated effort as part of the larger quality strategy? While the meaning has been expanding, as long as one takes a top down approach in planning and understands the larger goal that they are driving towards, rather than just mere automation numbers it should still be manageable. Automated testing still forms a sizeable quotient of the automation mix. I would say even as large as anywhere between 60 to 80%. Productivity and efficiencies driven automation could form the rest. Also, the team needs to understand that not all automated efforts need to be driven from scratch. Open source driven tools and frameworks provide a lot of room for smart automation today, without a lot of internal spend in terms of resources. Online forums are very valuable in understanding people who have had similar problems and how they addressed the same. Flexibility and dynamic decision making, along with core understanding of the “what, when, why, how” of automation goes a long way in helping the team understand that automation is not purely a testing technique but also a test empowering technique helping the team move one step closer in realizing its goals.